Posted by Claudia Moser on 3:05 PM
Absalon and Copenhagen
Copenhagen City was founded by Bishop Absalon (1128-1201), who was at that time adviser of King Valdemar I, and the archbishop of Roskilde, which was the capital of Denmark in the 12th century. Here he initiated the building of Roskilde cathedral, the royal burial place of Danish kings and queens for many centuries. He was also the archbishop of Lund, a province in Sweden near Malmø.

Absalon died in 1201 and is buried in the old monastery at Sorø behind the High Altar. He donated all of his belongings to the monastery and property to his twin brother Esben Snare.

The first Citadel to protect the city
In the years 1160-67, Bishop Absalon built a Citadel near Christiansborg Castle to protect the city. This was the first step to found the Danish capital Copenhagen. Today the remains of the original Copenhagen castle under Christiansborg can be seen by visitors.

Royal Capital
Copenhagen became the royal capital of Denmark in 1416, and in 1443 Copenhagen replaces Roskilde as the Danish capital.

First King crowned in Copenhagen
King Christian I was the first king to be crowned in Copenhagen 1448 and was the founder of Copenhagen University in 1479 - the first university in Denmark.
Today there are 8 universities and higher educational institutions in Copenhagen.

King Christian IV - The prominent architect of Copenhagen
During the reign of the great builder and most prominent architect of Copenhagen King Christian IV 1588-1648, many remarkable buildings and projects were constructed like Rosenborg Castle, The Round Tower, Old Stock Exchange,
the Canals of Copenhagen etc.

Evolution up to the 21 century
In the beginning of 1813, the country went bankrupt and Denmark had to cede Norway to Sweden after Norway had been a part of the Danish-Norwegian kingdom for more than 450 years!

The city recovered after the bankruptcy, and from 1830-1850 it slowly grew beyond the ramparts into the new working class quarters such as Vesterbro, Nørrebro and Østerbro that became a part of Copenhagen too.

Copenhagen today
During the 20th century until today, Copenhagen has grown into a thriving modern city and is the Capital of Denmark with more than 1,8 million inhabitants living in the greater Copenhagen area.

Being the largest city in Scandinavia, Copenhagen is considered as a centre of culture and arts with plenty of sightseeing and entertainment activities to offer visitors, together with multitude of shopping facilities and the longest pedestrian street system in the world.

But Copenhagen has also become an international city, with a rich commercial and educational environment, since Absalon planned to build his citadel to protect
the city in the year 1160.



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